10 Most Common Types of Orthopedic Surgeries

Orthopedic surgeries help treat various musculoskeletal injuries and diseases, such as fractures, joint issues, and bone deformities. The goals of these surgeries are to increase patients’ overall quality of life, increase mobility, and reduce pain. The ten most common forms of orthopedic surgery will be covered in this post.

Orthopedic surgery may be required if the joint becomes injured due to arthritis, trauma, or normal wear and tear. In this procedure, an artificial joint made of metal or plastic is used to replace the damaged joint.

Some orthopedic injuries like the ACL tear etc., do not require joint replacement but one can go for Arthroscopy for ligament repair. Many people opt for surgery because these surgeries can enhance the overall functionality of the joint and reduce pain when conservative treatments do not work.

Total Replacement of The Knee

The term “total knee replacement surgery” is also used for knee arthroplasty. When knee pain and stiffness get worse, often as a result of arthritis or an injury, your orthopedic doctor may recommend this surgery. The damaged knee joint components are removed during this procedure, and a knee implant is put in place. 

I was also suffering from knee pain, and I was recommended to have a total knee replacement by my surgeon. My arthritis literally ate my cartilage and bones, and I was not able to walk. Initially, I avoided the pain by taking painkillers, but I would not advise you to do this because it is better to get a proper diagnosis to avoid surgery in the initial stage. 

Luckily, I live in Delhi because it is easy to find a knee replacement hospital in Delhi. You can also come to Delhi for the treatment if possible or else try to find the best orthopedic doctor nearby by doing proper research. 

ACL Reconstruction

When playing sports or due to an accident, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee may tear. If it becomes damaged, you can have problems in walking, running, or participating in sports. Your knee’s ACL is responsible for the stability of the knee.

Surgery to replace or repair the ACL is known as ACL reconstruction and Arthroscopy is the latest technology to repair a torn ACL. To repair the torn ACL, stabilize the knee and stop additional damage, surgeons utilize a graft (a portion of tendon from another part of your body).

Spinal Fusion

A procedure called spinal fusion is used to treat issues like spinal abnormalities, disc herniations, and spine instability. In this procedure, bone grafts or implants are used to fuse two or more vertebrae together. By impeding motion between the afflicted vertebrae, this fusion reduces pain and stabilizes the spine. This surgery may take up to four to six hours depending on the condition of the patient and some other factors.

Carpal Tunnel Release

In a common ailment known as carpal tunnel syndrome, pressure on the median nerve in the wrist causes pain and numbness in the hand and fingers. Cutting the ligament that presses on the nerve during carpal tunnel release surgery helps to relieve symptoms while restoring hand function.

Rotator Cuff Repair

A group of tendons and muscles in the shoulder known as the rotator cuff is prone to injury or damage. The goal of rotator cuff repair surgery is to heal these tendons. In order to repair the damaged tendons to the bone and restore shoulder strength and functionality, surgeons might use the procedures mentioned below:

  • Arthroscopic repair.
  • Traditional open repair.
  • Mini-open repair.


A laminectomy may be advised if you experience chronic pain in your back or spinal nerve compression. In this procedure, the lamina, a portion of the vertebral bone, is removed to make room and release pressure on the spinal cord or nerves. This can enhance mobility and help with pain relief.

Meniscus Repair

The meniscus, a cartilage in the knee, may tear, causing pain and reduced motion. To restore stability and function to the knee, meniscus repair surgery includes sewing or cutting the damaged meniscus. This surgery is mostly performed with minimally invasive methods.

Total Hip Replacement

A ball-and-socket joint connects the femur, or thigh bone, to the pelvis, or hip bones. The femoral head, also known as the “ball” component, is the top part of the femur. The acetabulum is the term for the pelvis’ “socket” region.

Everything fits together perfectly when the hips of a person are healthy, and cartilage allows the joint to move smoothly. In hip replacement surgery a metal or plastic prosthesis is used to replace the entire ball and socket joint.

Fracture Bone

Fractures and broken bones are common orthopedic issues. The type of surgery which is performed depends on the fracture’s location and severity. Pins, plates, screws, or rods are often used by surgeons to stabilize and straighten the fractured bone and aid in proper healing.

Arthrodesis (Ankle Fusion)

The treatment for severe ankle deformity or arthritis is ankle fusion. The ankle joint’s bones are fused together during surgery to stop movement in the joint. This may restrict the ankle’s range of motion but can also ease pain and provide stability.


Orthopedic surgeries cure all musculoskeletal pain, which includes the bones, joints, ligaments, and tendons of the body. The surgeries are performed to improve the quality of life of people suffering from musculoskeletal problems, injuries, or chronic pain. Choosing an experienced orthopedic surgeon is really important for a successful surgery. As recommended, try to choose one orthopedic hospital in South Delhi.

Although Delhi has many of the best hospitals and surgeons, doing the research before finalizing a doctor or hospital will help you find the one that is best for you. Things you include in your research are the experience of the doctor, the qualification of the doctor, the procedure of the surgery, the quality of the implants, etc.

Don’t be nervous, initially feeling fear is common in humans. If surgery is the only solution left, you should get it done as soon as possible to get back to your normal life. If your pain is not severe enough and you are able to perform your routine activities, you should still get in touch with an orthopedic doctor. Maybe you will get better with conservative treatments such as physiotherapy, Injections and medications.

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